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Systematic Review (SR)

An overview to get you started

A Systematic Reviews Is....?

According to the Cochrane’s video below, “Systematic Reviews help make sense of many kinds of data. They’re a way of reviewing all the data and results from research about a particular question in a standardized systematic way.  A systematic review helps give an objective and transparent overview of all evidence surrounding a particular question.”


Examples of SR papers:

Cochrane Review

What is a systematic review?

A systematic review attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a specific research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit, systematic methods that are selected with a view aimed at minimizing bias, to produce more reliable findings to inform decision making.



What is a Cochrane Review?


A Cochrane Review is a systematic review of research in health care and health policy that is published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.



For more on Cochrane Reviews:

Systematic Review definition from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Per CDC, "a systematic review attempts to collect and analyze all evidence that answers a specific question.  The question must be clearly defined and have inclusion and exclusion criteria. A broad and thorough search of the literature is performed and a critical analysis of the search results is reported and ultimately provides a current evidence-based answer  to the specific question."

Types of Reviews--What kind of review do we need? (Source: National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools)

From the above video (by National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools): "Systematic reviews combine relevant research studies in a systematic way to answer a specific research question with minimal bias. They tell you whether or not an intervention is effective. Meta-analyses are similar to systematic reviews, but go one step further: they provide a numerical summary of the combined findings."  It discusses the different types of reviews and when to use them.